population 10 million

Population density

GDP per capita

Education expenditures


24.300 $ (2014)

4,9 % of GDP (2010)

Hospital bed density

Physician density

Health expenditures

7,2 beds/1.000 people (2011)

2,96 /1.000 people (2011)

7,8 % of GDP (2012)



Following here you will find information about Hospital and Home Education (HHE) in those countries where HOPE has members.
The information has been researched and compiled by the HOPE Committee Member/s(CM) of the specific country; the information sources are listed at the end of this document.
We’ll be glad to get your feedback, please contact the CM of your country, or else – if your feedback is of a more general character – please contact the Board of HOPE.
You will find the e-mail addresses on this website under ‘Who We Are’.


Overview of topics; click on one of them and you will jump directly to the information:

1. HHE as part of the Education System

2. HHE Operation

3. Teaching Staff

4. Pupils

5. Some Thoughts about the Future

6. Sources and further Links




1. HHE as part of the Education System

There are big differences in the usage of the expression ‘hospital pedagogy’ itself and in the everyday practices and activities, too, across the country.
The right to education of children with medical needs is declared in the national educational law, but without naming the financial authorities who are responsible for ensuring the education in hospitals and at home.
Home education of sick children is the responsibility of the mainstream schools. The expression ‘Home Education’ is not mentioned in the national educational law, it is not part of any branches of the educational system.
 In the capital there is the only primary school for special purpose in Hungary – with 25 hospital teachers in the hospitals of Budapest – to educate children in the hospitals. Its budget comes from the Secretary of Education. But in the countryside there are no hospital schools; there are only 2 – 3 hospital teachers per hospital in 6 bigger towns (mostly in the oncology centers) – paid by the hospitals or a foundation or a church or a university.
There are no legal guidelines for funding of HHE in terms of equipment, resources and staff.
The Budapest school has a yearly budget mainly for administrative expenses, sometimes it gets money for books, furniture, etc. Internet access e.g. is paid by the hospital, phone expenses for keeping in contact with home schools, or expenses for visiting schools are borne by the teacher. Books and other small items are sometimes paid for by NGOs.


2. HHE Operation

There is only one official primary school in the capital which is responsible for the education of children in 11 hospitals in Budapest (the situation in case of secondary school students is not really solved). It is the only ‘hospital school’ in Hungary which is financed by the public education system. In other parts of the country there are different initiatives for financing and solving the problem of education in case of hospitalized children.
There are two psychiatric hospitals; there are some teachers there from my school but without any special education. So it is not a well-structured professional teaching, just giving some lessons to the children, max. 4 hours a week.´
In the capital, hospital pedagogues educate according to the national curriculum, mostly the main subjects are taught (mathematics, languages, history and Hungarian Literature and grammar, physics, chemistry).
In most hospitals there are no classrooms, teaching takes place mainly on the ward by the bedside.
In the capital the number of operating hours is 28 contact hours (actual teaching) and 4 hours for administrational tasks per week.
Home education is the responsibility of the home schools. According to some feedback it’s not a well-functioning system.


3. Teaching Staff

There are no official pre- and in-service trainings. The teachers who are devoted to the profession try to find the way to educate themselves in this field.
There is one university in the capital where elements of education for children with medical needs are taught for special needs teachers. Nothing is available for others.
There are no specific requirements / qualifications for becoming a hospital teacher. You only need a ‘normal’ diploma as a teacher.
 There are big differences across the country. In the capital – in the only hospital school – teaching is the main role of pedagogues. There are hospitals where the teachers’ main role is to organize the free time activities in the hospital wards.
 There is only one national civil organisation of hospital teachers in Hungary. It is funded by membership fees, applications and donations. The state does not contribute any money for it.


4. Pupils

There are no official criteria for enrolling a pupil in the hospital school.
There are no different sets of criteria for pupils with medical or mental health needs. It must be mentioned here that hospital teachers are mostly with children with medical needs. There isn’t any organized system for the teaching of pupils with mental health needs.
 Officially the age range for hospital schools covers only pupils of primary schools, i.e. for the first 8 school years, from ages 6 to 14.
 As to the teacher/pupil ratio, in the capital there are 25 teachers in 11 hospitals for ca. 1500 pupils/year.


5. the Future

The national association of hospital teachers tries to make and keep in contact with different national organizations (e.g. the national office of UNICEF) for ensuring the right to education of children with medical needs in the whole country, and tries to launch negotiations with the ministry for education.
 In the national educational law it should be laid down who is responsible for the fulfillment of the right to education for sick children. There should be a unitary service system in the whole country. There should be pre- and in-service trainings for hospital teachers. The fulfillment of home teaching should be ensured.
 Pupils with mental illnesses should be taught in paediatric psychiatries. Secondary school pupils should also be taught in hospitals.
The national organization of hospital teachers is eager to write and in different studies to the ministry for education, and is trying to find collaborative partners.


6. Resources and further Links

The following sources were used for the data and information given in this document:
Wikipedia – Hungary
The World Factbook – Hungary
For further information you may want to open the following links:
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