Netherlands

Netherlands

population 17 million

Population density

GDP per capita

Education expenditures

407/km2

47,400 $ (2014)

5,9 % of GDP (2011)

Hospital bed density

Physician density

Health expenditures

4,7 beds/1.000 people (2009)

3,15 /1.000 people (2003)

12,4 % of GDP (2012)

 

Introduction

Following here you will find information about Hospital and Home Education (HHE) in those countries where HOPE has members.
The information has been researched and compiled by the HOPE Committee Member/s(CM) of the specific country; the information sources are listed at the end of this document.
We’ll be glad to get your feedback, please contact the CM of your country, or else – if your feedback is of a more general character – please contact the Board of HOPE.
You will find the e-mail addresses on this website under ‘Who We Are’.

 

Overview of topics; click on one of them and you will jump directly to the information:

1. HHE as part of the Education System

2. HHE Operation

3. Teaching Staff

4. Pupils

5. Some Thoughts about the Future

6. Sources and further Links

 

Foreword

 

1. HHE as part of the Education System

When a pupil becomes sick and cannot go to school for a long period, he or she is still entitled to receive education. The school where he or she is enrolled – the home school – is initially the most appropriate institution to provide that education for the sick pupil. That responsibility of the home school is described in the educational legislation. There are no guidelines in the educational legislation. Schools can make an appeal to the Organisation of Education Sick Pupils (abbreviated in Dutch as ‘OZL’), which provides temporary support to the school, the parents and the child. That means teaching and coaching the sick pupil (in a hospital or at home), supporting the home school to make a special plan for this sick pupil (the home school remains responsible, OZL just supports), offering information about education and being sick.
Nationwide, there are no differences in the service provision of the Organisation of Education Sick Pupils.
This organisation receives financial resources from the Ministry of Education, Culture and Science. The financial resources of this Ministry are transferred directly to the Educational Services of the University Hospitals and to the Educational Consultancies, where the Consultants for Education of Sick Pupils are working.
There also is a nationwide network of the Consultants for Education of Sick Pupils, called ‘Ziezon’. This network is financed by an annual grant from the Ministry of Education, Culture and Science. Ziezon has a co-ordinator, the network manager, whose salary is also paid by the Dutch government.

 

2. HHE Operation

At every University Hospital in the Netherlands you will find an Educational Service, where Consultants for Education of Sick Pupils are working. The teaching takes place in the classroom or on the ward (bedside). The Educational Services are open 4 or 5 days a week and are partially closed during the school holidays.
Consultants for Education of Sick Pupils who are providing the home education also teach pupils at the regional hospitals, when needed.
 
Home education is provided by the Consultant who is working for an Educational Consultancy, or by a teacher of the home school, or by freelancers (e.g. retired teachers) who are working with the Consultant for Education of Sick Pupils.
 
All Consultants for Education of Sick Pupils – whether they work with pupils at the Educational Service of a University Hospital, or individually at a regional hospital or at home – follow the national curriculum and teach each subject, that will be taught at the home school.

 

3. Teaching Staff

In the Netherlands, there is not a specialized course for Consultants for Education of Sick Pupils; they do have a teachers diploma. These Consultants are part of the nationwide Ziezon network. 
Ziezon is financed by an annual grant from the Ministry of Education, Culture and Science.
Ziezon has a co-ordinator, the network manager, whose salary is also paid by the Dutch government.
 
The Ziezon network is encouraging the Consultants for Education of Sick Pupils to acquire quality and knowledge – in this specialized field of education of sick pupils – by developing in-service training on various topics. There are also parents associations of different syndromes and diseases which provide information for the Consultants for Education of Sick Pupils, through workshops and meetings.
 
In the initial teacher training courses, no elements of the education of children with medical health needs is structurally incorporated. Occasionally the Consultants for Education of Sick Pupils give lectures to get more attention for the education of sick pupils, also at teacher training colleges.
The main tasks of the Consultants are teaching and co-ordinating contacts with the home school.

 

4. Pupils

Every sick pupil receives appropriate education at the Educational Services of University Hospitals, in regional hospitals or at home. In the Netherlands the Consultants for Education of Sick Pupils provide only support for pupils with medical needs and not for those with mental health needs. In the Netherlands the home schools have to do that on their own, with a little financial support of the government.
 
The age range is from 5 years up to the age that a pupil has a qualification to work (that may vary from 18 to 21 years).
 
The average teacher/sick pupil ratio in the Netherlands is unknown.

 

5. the Future

In addition to nationwide activities, Ziezon is working on strengthening regional co-operation. The length of children’s hospital admissions is becoming shorter, with children and young people increasingly being treated as outpatients. Accordingly, the work of the Consultants for Education of Sick Pupils at the Educational Services of the University Hospitals is being adapted, and co-operation with the colleagues at the Educational Consultancies is being intensified.
 
This has led to a new organisational structure within Ziezon. The new structure of Ziezon has been designed to consolidate strong regional partnerships within which Education of Sick Pupils colleagues can meet, co-ordinate their working methods and approaches and discuss cases of sick pupils.
The process we have chosen works from bottom up. Ziezon’s national policy is formulated by the regions and – after consensus – new developments are adopted at national level.
 
Ziezon will co-operate with all regions to establish the outlines of a multi-year perspective. This will provide a guideline for a number of years for the further national and regional development of Ziezon and the Organisation of Education Sick Pupils in the Netherlands.
 
In the future Ziezon hopes to co-operate even more with the patients associations and the parents associations of different syndromes and diseases.

 

6. Resources and further Links

The following sources were used for the data and information given in this document:
Wikipedia – Netherlands
The World Factbook – Netherlands
For further information you may want to open the following links:
Klasse Contact
Ziezon
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