population 2 million

Population density

GDP per capita

Education expenditures


30,900 $ (2015)

5,92 % of GDP (2011)

Hospital bed density

Physician density

Health expenditures

4,6 beds/1.000 people (2011)

2,5 /1.000 people (2010)

9,2 % of GDP (2013)



Following here you will find information about Hospital and Home Education (HHE) in those countries where HOPE has members.
The information has been researched and compiled by the HOPE Committee Member/s(CM) of the specific country; the information sources are listed at the end of this document.
We’ll be glad to get your feedback, please contact the CM of your country, or else – if your feedback is of a more general character – please contact the Board of HOPE.
You will find the e-mail addresses on this website under ‘Who We Are’.


Overview of topics; click on one of them and you will jump directly to the information:

1. HHE as part of the Education System

2. HHE Operation

3. Teaching Staff

4. Pupils

5. Some Thoughts about the Future

6. Sources and further Links


1. HHE as part of the Education System

Hospitals schools are part of the public education system; they are linked to a primary school in the vicinity. Teachers are paid by the national government.
There are, regarding the law, no differences in terms of HHE provision across the country, because HHE is regulated by the Ministry of Education (on national level) and not by local authorities.
In Slovenia there is a law for children with special needs; ill children are included as a special category.
The money for hospital schools is provided by the Ministry of Education, but these finances are quite poor. Teachers in hospital schools are paid as other teachers, but the money for equipment and resources is scarce, so many donators and sponsorships are needed.
Home tuition is by law the responsibility of home schools, so teachers from home schools are usually teaching at pupils’ homes. The home school gets extra money for the teachers in home tuition, but again this money is very low (also the average teachers’ salary in Slovenia is low).


2. HHE Operation

Each hospital school in Slovenia belongs to the nearest primary school (by law). There are eleven hospital schools in Slovenia (in 2016), but some of them (3) have only one hospital teacher. From time to time other teachers from the main school also teach in the hospital if they are needed. The biggest hospital school in Slovenia is in Ljubljana (Ledina Hospital School): there are 23 hospital teachers, who teach only in hospitals in Ljubljana. Ledina Hospital School is part of Ledina Primary School, but it is quite autonomous, with its own headmaster.
 b. In all hospital schools in Slovenia it is obligatory to follow the national curriculum. We also follow the program in pupil’s own school. With home schools we make individual programs for the sick pupils. We teach all subjects with the exception of sport and art subjects and all special subjects in the secondary vocational schools (for example, economics, culinary classes, etc.).
Most of the teaching in the hospital school is individual, between 70 % and 80 %. It takes place in the wards, more and more often by the pupil’s bed (due to the pupil’s illness and health condition).
The operating hours of hospital school differ from hospital to hospital, from ward to ward. In general, they are from 8am to 6pm.
Home education is by law the responsibility of home schools, so the teachers from home schools are usually teaching at pupils’ homes. For every pupil in home tuition an individual plan of his school work needs to be prepared.
By law each sick pupil can get a maximum of four teaching hours per week, which is very little in some cases, so sometimes hospital teachers also teach at pupil’s home when the home school and parents agree. Sometimes the hospital school gives extra teaching hours to pupils in hospital, so the parents have to bring pupils in hospital for school work. In these cases, hospital school doesn’t get any extra money from the Ministry.
The problem is that home tuition is paid only after the decision of a special commission for children with special needs. These decisions usually take a long time, so some home schools organize home schooling for sick pupils and some don’t. In such cases, as written above, hospital schools try to help with extra lessons for sick pupils.


3. Teaching Staff

There is no pre-service or in-service training specific to HHE.
There are some elements of education of children with medical needs, which are incorporated in initial teacher courses.
There are no specific qualifications needed to become a hospital teacher.
The main roles of hospital teachers are: 1. to maintain the continuity of school work for sick pupils; 2. to teach sick pupils in the appropriate way; 3 to collaborate with sick pupils’ parents, home school, medical teams; 4. to create individual teaching plans for sick pupils; 5. to advice and consult pupils’ home schools and parents, regarding the questions of education of sick pupils.
We don’t have a national organisation, but we have special study group of hospital teachers in Slovenia. We meet once in every school year. This study group works under the biggest hospital school in Slovenia, Ledina Hospital School in Ljubljana.


4. Pupils

Our pupils are not officially enrolled in the Hospital School (maybe one per year), but in their main schools. They are included in our school when they are hospitalized for a week or longer, or when they keep returning to the Hospital (once a month or more often). There are pupils who cannot visit their main schools because of different reasons: reduced immunity (they visit our School from home), dialysis treatment (four hours, 2 or 3 times a week), etc.
There are no different criteria applied for pupils with medical versus mental health needs. Special pedagogues from our Hospital School are employed to treat and teach them.
It generally covers the period from the age of 6 to the age of 18.
The average teacher/pupil ratio is usually one per three (age 6 to 10) and one per one (age 11 to 18).


5. the Future

Slovenia has been in a very difficult economic situation for several years. This situation has worsened the quality of education in general, also the education of children with special needs.
The reality in our schools are lower salaries for teachers, higher number of pupils per classroom in primary and secondary schools. The ministry has reduced the hours for home tuition for sick pupils and made significant limitations in extra hours for sick pupils in secondary schools (they need to be absent for more than 2 months if they want to have extra lessons in school). So, constant fights for the rights of sick pupils are in place.
When the pupil is sick, he/she should get the appropriate help in school. Home education should be provided when needed.
Hospital schools in Slovenia should improve and extend consulting to home schools, when they have sick pupils.
They should establish the model of schooling for those sick pupils who can do the school work but who can’t go to their classes due to their medical conditions. We know such models from Belgium, Brussels, and Germany, Hamburg.


6. Resources and further Links

The following sources were used for the data and information given in this document:
Wikipedia – Slovenia
The World Factbook – Slovenia
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